How EDI Works
Sending an EDI is a three-step process that involves preparing the document, translating the document into an EDI format, and transmitting the document to your EDI partner.
Step 1: Prepare the document
If you’re going to send an EDI, you’ll need something to send. You start by collecting and organizing the data and creating that into an electronic file.
There are a number of ways to get the electronic file, you could create your document by:
- Manually entering the data into digital format
- Export the data from a spreadsheet or database
- Turn electronic reports into data files
- Enhance applications that are already in use to output your data into electronic documents that are ready for EDI translation
- Use application software that has built-in interfaces for EDI files
Step 2: Translate the document into EDI format
Once you have the digital document ready for EDI, the next step is to translate it into EDI format. This requires you to feed the digital data through translator software that converts your internal data format into the standard EDI format that uses all the accurate segments and data elements.
EDI translation software can be purchased to manage, and maintain on-site. This method requires a specialist with mapping expertise. What engineering directors are turning to, is the option to use an EDI service provider. This is a smooth way to send the data through the service provider who takes care of the translation for sending and receiving an EDI document.
Step 3: Transmit the EDI to your EDI partner
With the documents ready and translated to EDI format the next step is to send them on their way to your business partner. You’ll need to know how you’re connecting to your business partner, this will help determine how you will transmit the EDI.
You can connect directly by using AS2 technology or similar and send the data point to point. Or you can use an EDI VAN network (VAN Network) which is basically a secure network where you can exchange EDI documents with multiple business partners, or you can use a combo depending on the volume of expected transactions. Using managed services through your EDI service provider is growing in popularity.
With just a few steps you’re sending information to your business partner through your Electronic Data Interchange. Documents flow directly to the specific application required on the recipient end and are processed automatically. There are options to help you prepare, translate and send your EDI document that range from setting up and managing internal software for the task or working with an EDI service provider that helps with all the steps in the transaction.
What Comprises an EDI Document?
EDI documents are formatted according to the rules of a specific Electronic Data Interchange standard and are composed of data elements, segments, and envelopes.
The rules must be adhered to when creating an EDI document. As an example, consider creating a purchase order as an EDI document. The rules designate where specific data will be found in the document. The EDI translator on the recipient end understands where to find key data pieces such as the buyer’s information, a purchase order number, and items listed in the order along with price and quantity. The data is processed into the recipient order management system and does not require manual order handling.
Let’s say that you’ve got a purchase order for parts or raw materials that you’re sending to your business partner as an EDI document. When it comes to EDI, that single purchase order is called a transaction set or message. The transaction set includes the data elements, segments, and envelopes as explained above, and it’s translated into the EDI format as it proceeds.
The different format the transaction set is translated to adheres to formatting standards. There are a number of standards that are used. Predominantly used formatting standards are EDIFACT or ANSI (North America) EDI formats.
The EDI standard prescribes what data elements, segments, and envelopes are involved for a specific document. The standard gives it the rules and structure that it needs.
What is a Data Element?
Take a look at your purchase order (PO) or even an invoice. You’ll see information such as an address, city, state/region, country, product or item number, quantity, and price. Each piece of information is a data element. When looking at your PO or invoice and paying attention to the information on it, you see why adhering to the standards is so important to the EDI translation process. Imagine if the data elements were not set by standards, the information would not be useful.
Each data element is a transaction set that is defined by the EDI standard for the type of data that it represents. Numeric data must be distinguished from text or dates. The definition of a data element describes the data type. This could be numeric, alphanumeric, date or time, measurements, and code values. Code values are to be observed when assigned to a specific data type. An example of this is using a currency code when the data element is a cost per unit. You’d use a code value to indicate which currency to assign to the cost.
What is a Segment?
A group of similar data elements in an EDI transaction set is a segment. On a document such as a purchase order, you’ll see different sections, each section of the document includes a different set of information. One section may be buyer information and another PO Number and Date, additional sections common on a purchase order for example are item details and summary.
In an EDI transaction set each section is defined by a particular segment. The segments follow EDI standards and describe the type of data found within each segment. Each segment starts with a segment ID that describes the type of data in it. Data elements in the segment are separated by a data element separator. For each type of business document, EDI standards:
- Define segments that may be included and what segments are mandatory, optional, or conditional.
- Use application software that has built-in interfaces for EDI files
- Include elements for each segment. Every item on a document has a corresponding EDI element. Elements are defined in the standards dictionary and every standard has its own dictionary.
- Dictate the sequence of segments and elements
- Rule the number of times a segment may be repeated
When all the segments from an EDI document are collected into the appropriate sequence, they form an EDI transaction set. The transaction set must be put into an envelope prior to transmitting it to your business partners.
What are EDI Envelopes?
Your transaction set is housed in what is called an EDI envelope before it’s transmitted to your business partner. EDI documents are exchanged using several envelopes. EDI uses a system of three envelopes for EDI document transmission. The three envelopes include the message envelope, group envelope, and an interchange envelope.
EDI documents require a series of envelopes in order to transmit. Each transaction set is placed in an individual envelope. Individual envelopes are placed in a group envelope the group envelopes are placed in an interchange envelope.
EDI documents require a series of three envelopes in order to transmit. Envelopes are formed by two segments that define the start and the end of the section. To imagine this in a 3D nature, picture common paper documents. Think of one large envelope (Interchange envelope) with one or more envelopes inside (Group envelope). In those inner envelopes are individual documents that each are also in their own envelope (Message envelope).
Paper-based vs EDI Transaction Process
How many purchase orders and invoices, or other business-related documents cross your desk and your mind daily? When you’re leading a company that is on a growth trajectory it can feel as though you’re inundated with the need for procuring more materials to keep everything flowing in the right direction. When your manual procurement system gets swamped, the paperwork slows down, and receiving or sending requests is delayed. Down the line, serious hold-ups occur.
Things like purchase orders and invoices aren’t going away. So, let’s compare the paper-based process to EDI transactions.
- The buyer either checks and determines or is automatically notified that an order needs to be created.
- The buyer enters data manually into the inventory system to create PO, prints, and mails it.
- The vendor receives the PO and manually enters it into the order system. This may take days depending on how long it’s sitting in the queue.
- The vendor prints an invoice and encloses it with the shipment or sends it by mail.
- The buyer enters the invoice into the accounting software.
The manual paper exchange has so many variable factors that add to the processing time. A simple paper purchase order may take a week from end to end. In addition to the slow pace, there is the risk of human error to occur and this again adds to the time, delays, and cost of not getting the order as needed.
An EDI transaction involves the following process:
- The buyer’s procurement system uses EDI software to create and send an EDI standardized PO when inventory is required.
- Minutes later the vendor’s order system, utilizing EDI software receives the EDI PO, notifies the shipping department, and generates an EDI invoice to transmit directly to the buyer’s accounts payable system.
The EDI process utilizing EDI software does in hours what the paper process does in a week.
Your procurement procedures can be cumbersome, especially if they’re not streamlined. Manual and paper processes extend the time and energy it takes to fully complete a transaction and leave room for human error. EDI transactions expedite the entire process accurately and efficiently.
What’s the Difference Between the 4 Types of EDI Acknowledgments?
Sending a document as an EDI transmission is fast, but is it accurate? You need to know that your document was received on the other end. Your document is important it’s critical that you know if your business partner received it and that they are committed to fulfilling the order.
There are 4 types of EDI acknowledgments to confirm that what you sent is received and the appropriate action is being taken, they are:
Basic communications-level status message
You’ll receive a status message that is provided by all communication protocols. Once the transmission is sent and received, the receiving computer notifies the sending computer that it’s received the data and the amount of data. It would look something like “We received 1024 bytes of data you sent.” This status message is exchanged at the communication protocol level.
Message Disposition Notification (MDN)
The Message Disposition Notification or MDN is a key component of the AS2 communication standards. Per AS2 standards, an additional document encloses an EDI document to ensure secure transmission over the internet. You’ll want to know that the EDI message was actually extracted from the envelope, decrypted, and then processed by the EDI translator on the recipient's end, validating the electronic signature. This is something handled by AS2 communications software, it will manage the communication status as well as the envelope extraction status.
Receiving the MDN message that what you sent was extracted appropriately. This leads to the question “once the communication was received and extracted, was it read?
Functional Acknowledgment (FA) document
The Functional Acknowledgement (FA) is a guarantee that the document you sent is received, extracted, and functionally read. The EDI translator on the receiver's end sends the FA indicating that the document was received and it was read. The FA is provided at the translator level, so you know it’s not only received and extracted, it is translated, meaning it’s read. FA status is highly important, but there is still one more acknowledgment you’ll want to receive.
The fourth acknowledgment to look for is the business-level acknowledgment. This one confirms the content of the document received and acknowledges that the receiver is taking the much-needed next action. So, when you send an EDI Purchase Order to your supplier and they receive it, you’d get a Purchase Order Acknowledgement. The business-level acknowledgment applies to other business documents as well. Monitoring the critical acknowledgments will depend on your own business practices and the software you’re using to manage them.
There are four types of EDI acknowledgments that are important to ensure your documents aren’t lost in the process. The acknowledgments are a way to track that the document is not lost along the way, the first three apply to any standard in regards to automating the document exchange and the fourth one applies to transmissions using the AS2 and AS3 standards.
The Differences Between EDI and Ecommerce
Are you wondering about the difference between EDI and Ecommerce? At first glance, they are so related that they seem like the same thing, but they’re not. There are differences between EDI and E-Commerce, and we’re exploring them next.
Ecommerce is characterized as commerce conducted via the Internet. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) as we’ve been exploring is characterized as the exchange of standardized document forms between computer systems for business use.
EDI is part of electronic commerce, but it’s not the same.
Ecommerce is everywhere. You can see this in your day-to-day life. Business to Consumer (B2C) activities are most widely thought of when considering the term ecommerce. When you order something online, book an airline ticket or a hotel, this is ecommerce. You can even get your dog a walk or your dinner delivered! These days you’re able to do just about anything through B2C ecommerce. But, it’s not just personal.
Business to Business (B2B) also uses ecommerce. It’s simply the exchange of information electronically between two businesses.
EDI comes into play for B2C and B2B companies that integrate their procurement and other business systems. The computer-to-computer exchange of documents like purchase orders and invoices in a standard electronic format with business partners streamlines the activity of commerce and e-commerce. B2B partnerships are able to transmit and process thousands of requests in the automated process.
Imagine manually receiving emailed purchase orders, and then taking action on each one. When the quantities are high the task is very laborious and time-consuming. We talk about this above in the Paper-based vs. EDI Transaction Process. When companies are using an Electronic Data Interchange, the process of delivering on ecommerce requests is aligned with all business partners involved. From buyers, and suppliers to banking and shipping they use standardized communication in an automated system. The process makes the business world go round without your head spinning when it comes to all the duties related to procurement.
Understanding the Benefits of EDI
Learning as much as you can about EDI will lead you to understand more about the benefits it offers. Although EDI is widely used, some businesses continue to use historic systems. They do things like they’ve always done, in the end wasting time, energy, and money.
Here are some of the benefits of EDI:
Lower operating costs: By eliminating the cost of paper, printing storage, filing, postage, and document retrieval operating expenses are vastly reduced. Switching to an EDI system could result in at least a 35% reduced operating cost.
Improved business cycles: Now more than ever, businesses are feeling the importance of business cycles. Time is so important and it’s not a renewable resource. Once time is lost, that’s it. Process automation speeds things up exponentially, it may feel like you gain some back.
Reduced human error and improved accuracy: It’s human to err, and mistakes happen. It’s unfortunate when something happens in your manual paper process. Inaccurate documents missed timelines, and backlogs cause a lot of headaches. With EDI human errors are limited and accuracy improves.
Increased business efficiency: By saving time, and minimizing errors businesses utilizing EDI systems increase their overall efficiency. Time and energy are better spent on value-added tasks vs. menial to-do lists. Yes, it’s all important, and it all gets done with improved efficiency the new norm.
Enhanced security on transactions: The communication standards and security protocols make EDI safe and reliable for sending communications.
Paperless and environmentally friendly: These days it’s more than a buzzword. Paperless is the way to be and migrating away from paper-based processes to electronic communications and automated transactions limits c02 emissions and is an eco-friendly responsible business practice.
The benefits outway the limitations of EDI, but some businesses are hesitant due to perceived high upfront costs, and the time it may take to implement a new system. The rules and standards may be very different for a business using an old process.
EDI and XML - The Relationship
There are two main approaches when it comes to EDI. One requires you to create and send documents adhering to strict standards. Generally, these would fall under the commonly used ANSI X12 in North America or UN/EDIFACT standards in other global regions.
For rule-breakers or for those seeking a flexible choice XML language provides a way through. XML isn’t a standard, it’s a powerful language that gives more of a workaround when it comes to creating business documents defined by the EDI standards. RosettaNet is a standard that utilizes XML language.
EDI and XML are different in the sense that an EDI standardized business document is based on strict rules that dictate the data placement on the document and an XML formatted document’s data is not bound to specific placement, rather it’s identified by tags. The tags indicate what is within them. Tags do make the files much larger than comparable EDI documents.
Both approaches work to enable a computer-to-computer exchange of business documents. EDI continues to be the leader when it comes to electronic document formats used for EDI, although XML is a choice and has the benefit of being flexible with less strict rules in regard to the layout of the document.
Government regulations, standards, and updates are integral to EDI integration. This makes it challenging for some businesses to implement. It’s complex because it’s meeting global business needs that are always changing and business partners may each have their own requirements.
In a B2B system, two partners must agree on the type of EDI document to use and they may have specific formats that need to be supported. Details like this lead to organizations outsourcing their EDI solutions. Regardless of the method of EDI implementation, the following is to be considered:
Translation or Mapping Software: You can integrate customer, supplier, and business partner transactions across your process. Translation or mapping software is a transformation software that does just that. It takes fields such as names, addresses, currency, amounts, and item or part numbers, and maps them into standardized documents.
Batch Enveloping or De-enveloping Capabilities: You’ll be implementing capabilities to support sending and receiving EDI messages and message batches. This includes preparing, translating, and transmitting the document and all of the components that are required to do so.
Message Routing Systems: When a message is de-enveloped, a routing system is required to sort messages for different groups and deliver them appropriately. The message may also require transformation to make sure the message is received in the correct format for its destination.
Trading Partner Agreements (TPA): EDI implementation involves having TPA in place. These are agreements that clarify terms and conditions and establish the standards for business documents, communications, and business protocols.
It requires special skills and knowledge for EDI integration. Companies ready for this step have a lot to consider. Because of the complexity of EDI integration and implementation, many choose to use outsourced EDI solutions.
What is an EDI 850?
What is an EDI 850? The type of electronic data interchange transaction set that contains details about an order using the ANSI X12 standard is an EDI 850 purchase order. This is the form code for a purchase order. The EDI 850 is the document used to place an order for goods or services. The transaction set includes everything you’d find on a purchase order form like the requested items, prices, quantities and billing, shipping, and carrier information.
Think of the EDI 850 as you would a paper purchase order. The big difference between the two is that a computer handles the transmission. The EDI 850 removes the human element and expedites the order through the computer-to-computer process. You don’t need to manually send and receive orders through email or fax. The need to do any additional data entry into other systems is eliminated. With one form the entire process is managed end to end.
The data on the EDI 850 is organized into elements, segments that are specified in the transaction set standards for the document. The standards are key when it comes to sending an EDI 850 because the receiving computer adheres to standards to interpret the information. Any variance from the standards interferes with the accurate transmission and processing of the EDI 850 document.
The EDI 850 purchase order is used to place an order for goods and services. The standards used on the document enable it to be transmitted and translated. As the sender, you receive acknowledgments during key points of the transmission so you know that it was sent, received, opened, and read.
EDI and Collaborative Supplier Portals
At this point, you may be thinking that EDI is the best thing to happen to engineering teams and their procurement departments since it was adopted as a global standard. EDI is good and it gets even better with Collaborative Supplier Portals. Since EDI is complex it comes with some challenges. It can be expensive to implement and require a lot of IT resources.
It needs specialty and full-time attention. The data needs to be monitored to make sure it’s accurate or the EDI transfer might not even happen. There are hundreds of EDI standards to adhere to and different ones for different industries or regions of the world. Because of its intricacies, EDI may be accessible to leading corporations or big companies that can handle the challenge. Smaller business partners may be left out, so there is more to a well-rounded business solution.
EDI can be paired with a Collaborative Supplier Portal to create a fully paperless office and eliminate manual processes, spreadsheets, and emails. It fills in the gaps of EDI in a collaborative and cooperative space where buyers and suppliers feel like partnerships.
Collaborative supplier portals bring EDI into the modern era of business. Companies want more than computer-to-computer interfaces, they want collaboration and truly seamless operations. When EDI is used in conjunction with a portal that does just that, it is effective and almost effortless for the full procurement cycle, from the first query to the final payment.
Which suppliers use EDI?
EDI powers the supply chain. We’ve been exploring everything there is to know about EDI or at least set you up with a much better understanding of it.
You’ll want to choose an EDI system that works for your unique business needs. It will enable effective electronic collaboration with your business partners and in a nutshell, make your life easier. Who supplies EDI and what are some options? Here are just a few:
- Dell Boomi
- SPS Commerce
- GoAnywhere MFT
- Software AG
- EDI Source
When you automate your supply chain processes you get out of the problem areas you’re facing such as missed paperwork, order delays, and bottlenecks that stop work and make you question your leadership qualities. There are a number of options when it comes to which suppliers use EDI, and the first step to getting away from any challenge is to turn around and face it. Dive in and explore what some of these suppliers of EDI have to offer.
How ERP-Integrated EDI Can Benefit Your Business
Everything is digital. What would global business be without the connectivity and accessibility of a digital world? Retail ecommerce and manufacturing businesses utilize modern digital tools and technology to streamline supply chain management.
ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning and is widely used to manage day-to-day operations. ERP can stand alone and it can be integrated with EDI.
An ERP-integrated EDI transfers large quantities of data without employee hands-on interference. It eliminates manual data entry and removes the need to type information directly to customers and suppliers. The two systems work in unison and serve as your center with everything in one place such as product information, pricing, inventory, sales transactions, delivery, and shipments.
In addition to the end-to-end benefits, an ERP-Integrated ED is highly efficient. It offers modern analytic tools and a birds-eye view of your operation where you see all the moving parts from start to finish in an instant. With this type of integrated setup, you can see how your business partners are performing and you can make decisions and improvements in real-time.
If you’ve wondered “What is EDI?” you now know that EDI allows you to automate business processes through standardized and secure systems with your established business partners. More than that, the EDI process helps you solve problems created by human errors, inefficiencies, and all things that end up in a bottleneck for one reason or another.
As an engineering leader, you need your systems and processes to move as fast as you do. With EDI in place, imagine how different your day-to-day life would look. You’d save time sending, receiving, and processing emails, the workflow would be seamless, and supplies would be in stock and on hand as needed. You and your team would be out-performing the competition and with modern systems, you’d have all the analytics and reporting to share with stakeholders at a moment's notice.
Business is optimized with EDI systems, and Collaborative Supplier Portals and Integrations. Everything gets done faster, while you keep your focus on production vs. procurement and procedures. EDI helps engineering directors save time and money, and that’s great news when you've got the future to build.(EDI) Electronic Data Interchange is automated technology that makes life and workflows easy and error-free. Instead of human-to-human correspondence, it’s computer-to-computer.
EDI is the technology that makes Email look outdated. When you’re leading a team that’s developing and building the future, you need your systems and processes to move as fast as you do. If you’re thinking along these lines, you’ve probably wondered what is EDI all about. EDI allows you to automate the business processes that would normally stall through human error, inefficiencies, or that would experience delays in a bottleneck. For engineering leaders and teams that are paving the way in hardware technology, EDI has a lot of benefits.
We’re taking a full look at Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) in this blog post. You’ll learn more about EDI and how it’s being used. We’ll cover the value of using EDI when you’ve got a bottom line stacked with critical moving pieces like incoming hardware, parts, and raw materials.
EDI Document Types and Transaction Types
EDI is widely used across leading industries including manufacturing and technology leading businesses. With enterprises like this constantly upscaling their teams and output, the need for using EDI is even more apparent. Here are the different EDI Document Standards and Protocols to get to know:
EDI Document Standards:
ANSI ASC X12
In 1979 ANSI ASC X12 was developed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) by their Accredited Standards Committee (ASC). The X12 EDI is designed to support business-to-business electronic data interchange through a standardized format. ANSI ASC X12 is widely used in North America and worldwide for business transactions every day.
VICS is a subset of the ANSI ASC X12 standard. VICS stands for the Voluntary Inter-Industry Commerce Standard and is predominantly used in the North American retail industry.
UN/EDIFACT is an international standard for EDI developed by the United Nations Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce, and Transport in 1987. It’s refined and maintained by the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT). This standard is used largely across Europe.
GS 1 EANCOM is a widely used subset of the UN/EDIFACT standard. It’s managed by the GS1 and brings together GS1 standards that identify trade items with logistic units along with Global Location Numbers (GLNs), the numbers show information about your trading partners.
In 1996 the United States Congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. The Act mandated the creation of national standards for the electronic exchange of healthcare data. HIPAA is based on the X12 standard and streamlines and optimizes data exchange in North American healthcare systems through EDI.
SWiFT is the global supplier of secure financial messaging. It’s a Belgian entity that was created in 1973. SWIFT stands for the Society of Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication SWIFT oversees a vast financial messaging network that connects banks and financial institutions. SWIFT standards cover payments, services, securities, and trading.
High-tech organizations including consumer electronics, manufacturers, telecommunications, logistics organizations, and major computer manufacturers predominantly use RosettaNet. It helps businesses manage their supply chains and is based on eXtensible Markup Language (XML) designed to promote collaboration and communication across industries. GS1, RosettaNet standards are free and open to businesses and individuals.
The Organization for Data Exchange by Tele Transmission in Europe (ODETTE) represents the European automotive industry. It has a focus on logistics and operational efficiency. ODETTE issues automotive-specific EDI standards and standards for achieving better communications via OFTP and OFTP2, and continuous improvement in the business processes via MMG/LE.
EDI Communication Protocols
There are two different communication options when determining how you’ll send and receive business documents through EDI. You’re presented with a choice between a couple of formats. They are EDI AS2 and EDI VAN.
AS2 or the Applicability Statement 2 protocol uses HTTP protocol (TCP/IP) on certified servers to transmit data. Secure, encrypted and it doesn’t create added data-related fees. This option is versatile to handle common file formats used today. It supports the required acknowledgments you’re looking for like the MDN to confirm your data has been sent and received. It works on built-in hardware as well as has cloud-based platforms.
The EDI Value-Added Network (EDI VAN) is a sealed network for two parties to deliver EDI transactions. VAN users are secure to send and receive documents. This centralized server reduces document processing and data management. Users monitor exchanges in real time. VAN has versatile options for connecting to the network and local data integration needs, AS2 is leading in power and versatility and is swiftly overtaking EDI VAN.
EDI document standards and EDI Protocols exist making EDI accessible to the maximum number of users. There are different document types and standards used across different industries.
Pros and Cons of EDI vs API Integration
Business operations these days need to move faster and faster. The swifter you are the more productive your operation is. Effective supply chain management generally relies on one of two options. You’ve either integrated EDI or API. Both options enable you to securely exchange electronic documentation, a huge part of the procurement and supply chain management processes.
EDI has been around longer and is widely used. API is growing in popularity for its use in data transfer task management.
Since you’re well versed now in what EDI is, let’s take a closer look at API and compare the two.
API is an acronym for Application Programming Interface. API is a set of programming instructions and standards used for accessing web-based software. It allows platforms to cross-communicate easily. Basically, API is the confluence between software programs helping them interact and come together effectively. APA enables software to communicate together without human involvement.
You see API in use often. A great example is when you make a purchase online using your credit card. The online store uses an API to send the data to another application for verification, once confirmed the data is sent back and the order is processed. From the user end, it feels seamless.
The transaction is instant, and that makes it useful compared to EDI in some settings. It takes less than a second for an API to transfer data such as a pick-up or delivery request. It eliminates the time it would take to enter the same data manually. Retailers using third-party logistics turn to this option because they can be quick to respond as well as create accurate projections based on real-time data.
How do you choose to go with EDI or API integration?
EDI continues to be the popular choice because its reliability and security set the industry standard for data exchange. It’s been around a long time, and it knows what it’s doing. API has new features that also make it a popular choice for some.
It really depends on the specific needs of your supply chain management system. Here are a few pros and cons for each to consider:
- APIs offer new and innovative features.
- EDI is extensively reliable and secure.
- EDI has not been modernized to keep up with the way the internet capabilities have grown.
- API transfer data in nano-seconds. It’s fast.
- EDI has the handshaking qualities to effectively align with strategic business partners.
- API does not have the standards when it comes to defined message types.
- EDI offers standard data security protocols and message types.
- EDI is older and therefore more widely adopted.
- API is not as widespread but it synchronizes with web applications.
- API is becoming more popular for data because of its speed.
- API is easier to use with simple interfaces and developer environments.
EDI has set the standard when it comes to exchanging data between business partners electronically, it’s reliable and secure and it’s the most widely used. API is a modern approach that makes data transfer fast and less expensive. Both options offer great benefits in applying to business procedures such as procurement and supply chain management.