Finished Goods

Types of purchase orders

From an inventory perspective, businesses can possess various types of items, with the support of efficient purchasing software. In the realm of manufacturing, there exists a goods inventory encompassing parts and other components essential for producing finished goods intended for sale. Additionally, there's the inventory of merchandise intended for customer sale, commonly referred to as "finished goods."

But how do we define finished goods on a technical level?

Simply put, they are goods manufactured and ready for sale. Depending on your level of manufacturing, these items may have undergone different levels of assembly. For instance, if your company makes screws and bolts, then the finished goods are those screws and bolts. At the same time, the company will have steel or aluminum that gets turned into the bolts. These materials are a different kind of inventory prior to assembly. Likewise, a company that makes electronics would consider the completed electronics, composed of bolts and wires, to be the goods manufactured.

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Besides being completely assembled, finished goods have a definite cash value. This value includes the cost of materials, cost of labor, and cost of equipment or overhead. Then, you add the traditional markup to the formula, so the manufacturer makes money.

As part of your accounting process, it’s critical to understand your cost structure. Procurement software and other tools can help with effective inventory management all the way through the production process. Then, you can be confident that goods sold command the right price.

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